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Top 5 Differences between Fixed Capital and Working Capital Loans in Business

December 30, 2023 • 5213 views

All business entities, be it small or big, need funds to meet their day-to-day expenses. The funding required mainly depends on the nature of the business and what stage the business is at. Generally, businesses need a large sum during the inception or growth stage. In this blog, we discuss two types of Business Loans – Fixed Capital Loan and Working Capital and explore the differences between the two.  

What is Fixed Capital? 

Fixed Capital refers to the funds invested in long-term assets and infrastructure that enable a business to operate efficiently over an extended period. These assets include machinery, buildings, technology, and other assets that do not directly contribute to the day-to-day operations but are essential for long-term growth and stability. Here are the key characteristics of fixed capital Business Loan: 

  • Long-Term Nature: Fixed capital Business Loans are long-term in nature, typically extending over several years. The funds acquired through these loans are used to make substantial investments in assets that will benefit the business in the long run. 
  • Limited Liquidity: These loans involve significant sums of money, and the repayment schedules are designed to match the life of the assets being financed. This makes fixed capital Business Loan less liquid compared to working capital Business Loan. 
  • No Direct Role in Day-to-Day Operations: The fund acquired through fixed capital loans may not necessarily be sued for meeting the business’ the daily operations. Instead, it is usually used to support the growth and sustainability of the company by enhancing its capacity and capabilities. 

Also Read: What is Working Capital? Its Meaning, Formula, Example & Importance in Business 

What is Working Capital? 

Working capital, on the other hand, is the lifeblood of a business. It represents the funds needed to cover day-to-day operational expenses, including inventory, salaries, utilities, and more. Working capital ensures that a company can meet its short-term obligations and continue its normal operations. Here are the key characteristics of working capital Business Loans: 

  • Short-Term Focus: Working capital loans are short-term in nature, typically used to cover immediate operational needs. These loans are crucial for maintaining liquidity and ensuring the smooth functioning of a business. 
  • High Liquidity: Working capital Business Loan provides highly liquidity needed to handle daily expenses and emergencies. You can get working capital finance based on revolving credit that you can use as and when needed. 
  • Affects Day-to-Day Operations: Unlike fixed capital loans, Working Capital Business Loan play a direct role in a company's day-to-day operations. They ensure you don’t face any hassles in meeting the business’ short-term obligations and leverage the growth opportunities as they arise. 

Top 5 Differences between Fixed Capital and Working Capital Loans 

Now that we have a clear understanding of Fixed Capital and Working Capital loans, let's explore the difference between fixed capital and working capital business financing: 


Fixed Capital Business Loan 

Working Capital Business Loan 

Purpose of the Loan 

Long-term investments in assets and infrastructure 

Short-term operational expenses 

Loan Term 

Longer repayment period (several years) 

Short-term (a few months to a few years) 

Collateral Requirements 

Substantial collateral is often required 

No collateral required  

Interest Rates 

Affordable interest rates due to long-term nature 

Competitive interest rates  

Application Process 

Complex and time-consuming 

Faster and streamlined, which makes it the go to financing option for meeting immediate needs 


Making Informed Financial Decisions  

When it comes to business financing, making informed decisions is crucial to success. Understanding the difference between fixed capital and working capital Business Loans allows you choose the right financing option based on your specific needs. It's essential to assess your business's financial situation and goals before deciding which type of loan to pursue. 

Also Read: What Are the Different Types of Working Capital? 

To Conclude 

In conclusion, both fixed capital and working capital Business Loan serve a vital role in your business’s financial strategy. Fixed capital loans support long-term growth and stability, while working capital Business Loans ensure day-to-day operational continuity. Choosing the right type of loan at the right time can be a game-changer for your business. 

When seeking business financial assistance, you must apply for a loan with a leading financial organisation like Poonawalla Fincorp that offers a wide range of lending solutions, including Business Loans tailored to your specific needs. By making informed financial decisions and leveraging the right financing options, you can position your business for sustainable growth and success.  

*T&C Apply 


We take utmost care to provide information based on internal data and reliable sources. However, this article and associated web pages provide generic information for reference purposes only. Readers must make an informed decision by reviewing the products offered and the terms and conditions. Business Loan disbursal is at the sole discretion of Poonawalla Fincorp.
*Terms and Conditions apply

poonawalla fincorp team

Poonawalla Fincorp Team

Our team of expert writers and editors are passionate about providing authentic and valuable information on finance. Our aim is to simplify financial and finance-related concepts. We strive to help our readers become more aware and empowered to make informed financial decisions.

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