Working Capital vs. Term Loan - Meaning and Difference

July 06, 2023 • 6993 views

Working Capital and Term Loans are two common types of financing options available to businesses.

Here's a brief explanation of their meaning and the key differences between them:

Working Capital

It refers to the funds required to cover a business's day-to-day operational expenses, such as inventory purchase, rent, wages, and utilities. Working Capital Loans provide short-term financing to meet these immediate cash flow needs.

Term Loan

A Term Loan is a lump sum borrowed for a specific purpose and repaid over a predetermined period. It is commonly used for long-term investments, such as purchasing equipment, expanding facilities, or funding business projects.

Key Differences

  • Purpose: Working Capital Loans are used for ongoing operational expenses, while Term Loans are for specific long-term investments.
  • Repayment: Working Capital Loans are typically repaid within a shorter duration, while Term Loans have longer repayment periods.
  • Flexibility: Working Capital Loans provide flexibility as funds can be used as needed, while Term Loans have a fixed purpose and repayment schedule.
  • Interest Rates: Term Loans generally have lower interest rates compared to Working Capital Loans due to the longer repayment period.

Understanding the difference between working capital and Term Loans is crucial for businesses to make informed financing decisions based on their specific needs and financial goals.

What do you Mean by Working Capital Loan?

A Working Capital Loan is a type of Business Loan that is specifically designed to provide funds for the day-to-day operations of a company. It is used to cover expenses such as inventory purchases, payroll, rent, and utility bills. The loan amount is typically calculated based on the working capital needs of the business, which is the difference between current assets and current liabilities. The loan is usually short-term and helps businesses maintain sufficient cash flow to meet their operational requirements. Working Capital Loans are an essential tool for businesses to manage their cash flow and ensure smooth operations.

What do you Mean by Term Loan?

A Term Loan is a type of loan provided by financial institutions for a specific period. It involves borrowing a fixed amount of money that is repaid over a predetermined term through regular instalment payments. The term can range from a few months to several years. Term Loans are commonly used to finance large investments or business expenses such as equipment purchases, expansion, or working capital. The loan amount, interest rate, and repayment schedule are typically agreed upon before the loan is disbursed. Term Loans provide businesses and individuals with the necessary funds to meet their long-term financial needs.

Difference Between Working Capital Loan and Term Loans

Working Capital and Term Loans are two distinct types of financing options that cater to different financial needs




Working Capital Loan


Term Loan


Short-term financing for daily operations, inventory, and short-term liabilities

Long-term financing for business expansion, capital expenditures


Cover current assets and immediate cash flow needs

Fund large-scale projects and long-term investments

Repayment Period

Shorter repayment term, often tied to the business's operating cycle

Longer repayment terms, typically several years

Use Cases

Managing cash flow gaps, purchasing inventory, paying suppliers

Purchasing equipment, property, business expansion

Interest Rates

Higher interest rates due to shorter duration and higher risk

Lower interest rates due to longer duration and collateral

Repayment Structure

Often through regular working capital cycles

Structured regular instalments over the loan term


Understanding these differences can help businesses choose the most suitable loan option based on their specific financial requirements and goals.

Which is Better? Working Capital or Term Loan?

Determining whether a Working Capital Loan or a Term Loan is better depends on the specific needs and circumstances of a business.

  • Working Capital Loans are suitable for short-term financing needs
  • Term Loans are ideal for long-term investments and larger-scale projects
  • Working Capital Loans offer flexibility and quick access to funds
  • Term Loans provide lower interest rates and longer repayment terms
  • Working Capital Loans are used to manage cash flow gaps and immediate expenses
  • Term Loans are used for business expansion and capital expenditures

Ultimately, the choice between the two depends on the business's financial goals, cash flow requirements, and the nature of the funding needs.

Avail of a Business Loan from Poonawalla Fincorp

When it comes to funding your business requirements, Poonawalla Fincorp offers a reliable solution with its Business Loan. With Poonawalla Fincorp, you can avail of a Business Loan that caters to various financial needs, including working capital, business expansion, equipment purchase, or inventory management. The loan comes with attractive interest rates, flexible repayment options, and quick disbursal, ensuring convenience and ease of access to funds.

Poonawalla Fincorp's Business Loan is designed to support the growth and development of your business, providing you with the financial assistance you need to achieve your goals. Whether you are a small or medium-sized enterprise or a self-employed professional, Poonawalla Fincorp offers customized loan solutions that suit your specific requirements. The application process is simple and hassle-free, allowing you to get the funds you need promptly. With Poonawalla Fincorp's Business Loan, you can take your business to new heights and capitalize on growth opportunities with confidence.


  • What is the difference between a Working Capital Loan and a Term Loan?

A Working Capital Loan is used to fund day-to-day business operations, while Term Loan is typically used for long-term investments.

Working Capital Loans have shorter repayment periods, while Term Loans have longer repayment periods.

Working Capital Loans are usually unsecured, while Term Loans may require collateral.

  • Can we use Term Loans as working capital?

Term Loans can be used as working capital, but they are not specifically designed for that purpose. Working Capital Loans are better suited for short-term operational needs.

  • What is a Working Capital Loan?

A Working Capital Loan is a type of financing that provides funds to cover a company's daily operational expenses, such as payroll, inventory, and overhead costs.

  • Is a Working Capital Loan good or bad?

Whether a Working Capital Loan is good or bad depends on the specific needs and circumstances of the business. It can be beneficial for managing cash flow and meeting short-term obligations, but it's important to carefully assess the terms, interest rates, and repayment terms before taking on any debt.

  • What is a Term Loan example?

An example of a Term Loan is a business borrowing a fixed amount of money from a bank or financial institution with a specified repayment schedule and interest rate to finance the purchase of new equipment or expand its facilities.


We take utmost care to provide information based on internal data and reliable sources. However, this article and associated web pages provide generic information for reference purposes only. Readers must make an informed decision by reviewing the products offered and the terms and conditions. Business Loan disbursal is at the sole discretion of Poonawalla Fincorp.
*Terms and Conditions apply

poonawalla fincorp team

Poonawalla Fincorp Team

Our team of expert writers and editors are passionate about providing authentic and valuable information on finance. Our aim is to simplify financial and finance-related concepts. We strive to help our readers become more aware and empowered to make informed financial decisions.

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