A mortgage loan is one of the most preferred types of secured loans. A secured loan is one where a borrower can pledge their property to a lender in exchange for receiving funds. Banks or non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) are the usual mortgage loans lenders. The pledging of the property to the lender is not permanent and lasts only until the borrower repays the loan taken. As the lender gets security for lending funds to a borrower, mortgage loans have lower interest than unsecured loans and a flexible repayment tenure to make repayments more manageable. However, you can pledge only specific property types to avail a mortgage loan. Read on to know more about the property types for mortgage loans and the various mortgage loans.
Residential property is one’s personal place of stay and residence. Residential property includes an apartment, villa, building, or even a plot of land. You can pledge a residential property to get a mortgage loan, whether self-occupied, rented, or lying vacant. As long as the ownership of the property is with you, you can mortgage residential property. Mortgaging a residential property ensures you get the lowest interest rates on the mortgage loan spectrum.
Commercial property is any property used for purposes other than a residence. As long as these properties get used for business activities and generating income, they qualify as commercial property. Commercial property includes office spaces, schools, gyms, retail stores, warehouses, medical centres, and the like. Borrowers can pledge rented or vacant commercial spaces as long as there is no legal dispute on ownership and title existing on the property.
As the name suggests, the co-owned property is property owned by two or more persons/ co-owners. You can mortgage a property if you are a co-owner, but you will have to get the other co-owners on board and sign a No-objection Certificate (NOC) to process the loan application. Moreover, different lenders have different rules regarding the relationship that the co-owners must share. As a standard, it is easy for a wife and husband to get a mortgage loan together because marriage is considered a contractual relationship in law. The inheritance laws in India are still a bit murky, so lenders consider a joint mortgage application from a son and parent or an unmarried daughter and parent with caution.
Moreover, married daughters do not even get considered in most co-ownership loan applications, even if they are co-owners. Two brothers can apply for a loan against property and get approval only if they share the same residential address. While a brother and sister, and sister and sister combination do not even get considered, again because of the existing patriarchal succession and inheritance laws. Talk to your lender beforehand if you seek a mortgage for a co-owned property.
Industrial properties are properties used to manufacture, develop, and produce any goods or products. Borrowers can pledge an industrial property for a mortgage loan, but the approval varies from lender to lender. Some lenders do not consider industrial properties as collateral, while others do.
Now that you know the various property types for a mortgage loan, you can move to understand which mortgage loan fulfils your needs and fits your budget. Mortgage loans include:
Loan against property
A loan against property or LAP is one of the most preferred types of mortgage loans as the borrower can use the loan amount received for various personal or professional purposes. You can use the loan amount for higher or overseas education, wedding, business expansion, home renovation, infrastructure renovation/ refurbishing, medical emergencies, or even high-interest debt consolidation. Depending on the lender, you can mortgage residential, commercial, industrial, or co-owned property to get a LAP. You must deposit the original property documents (ownership/ title) with the lender until you repay the loan. The tenure of a LAP lasts up to 15 years on average.
A home loan is another popular type of mortgage loan availed by borrowers. Home loans are catered to the borrower’s needs and budget, and the borrower can apply for small, medium, or big-sized home loans. The interest rates on home loans are competitive, and the repayment tenures are long and convenient. Home loans are of various sub-types as well, including:
Other home loans include:
However, home loans can only be used for house-related purposes.
Commercial purchase/ property loan
A commercial purchase loan is another loan taken to purchase property meant only for commercial purposes. These properties include offices, work complexes, shops, and the like. The interest rates for commercial property loans are also on the affordable spectrum.
Lease rental discounting loan
Leasing is a form of renting property for a long window of time. You can take a mortgage loan against leased properties. Under this loan, the rent you receive from leasing goes towards paying the loan. The tenure of the loan depends on the duration of the lease.
Second mortgage/ top-up loan
A second mortgage or top-up loan is a mortgage loan taken in addition to an existing mortgage loan. The borrower can apply for a second mortgage on the same property pledged by them for personal or professional needs. However, the lender might look deeper into the credit score, credit report, and repayment history to see if the borrower is eligible for a second mortgage loan.
To apply for a mortgage loan, the borrower has to tick the eligibility criteria of their lender. While the eligibility criteria of LAP might vary from lender to lender, there are some criteria shared by lenders:
The list of documents might vary from lender to lender, but as a standard rule, you have to furnish your
At Poonawalla Fincorp, you can apply for a mortgage loan, loan against property, home loan, and more. Irrespective of whether you have a residential, commercial, or industrial property, we, at Poonawalla Fincorp, have pledged to keep your best interests at heart and offer you the most competitive interest rates, high loan amounts, longer tenures, and zero hidden charges for any loan.
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