Before understanding what is MSME Loan, let us first understand what is MSME.
Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) are among India's most significant employment providers. The total contribution of MSMEs to the overall employment in the country is 69%. MSMEs account for about 45% of the manufacturing industry and 40% of total exports from the country. Since the contribution is paramount, the growth of MSMEs drives the development of the Indian economy.
Like any other businesses, MSMEs also need money and investment to survive and grow. The government of India launched MSME Funding schemes, with banks and Non-Banking Financial Institutions providing MSME Loans to ease MSME financing in India.
An MSME Loan means unsecured Business Loans or Working Capital Loans that MSMEs obtain from a bank or NBFC after qualifying for specific financial tests. However, the eligibility criteria for MSME financing in India are less than what is required to be eligible for a standard Business Loan from any lender. For a regular Business Loan, only those low-risk and profitable businesses are preferred. In contrast, an MSME Loan procedure is simple and it comes with minimum eligibility criteria.
- Minimum eligibility criteria required to qualify for the loan
- Profit on certain taxes
- Government based MSME Loans are available
- Provides equal opportunity to almost all types of businesses
- Provides funds for capital growth
- The funds received from the MSME Loan can be used for any business requirement.
1. Check the criteria for MSMEs-
A proper business plan:
The most important thing you need to have a proper business plan is to qualify for MSME funding.
A registered business:
Business registration is necessary to qualify for any government scheme or other Business Loan to obtain MSME financing in India.
Profit and Loss statement:
You will be asked for a P&L statement of your business.
Last year's ITR filing for your business:
Applying for an MSME Loan means ensuring that your tax filings are in order. The ITR documents show your taxes and are scrutinized by the lenders to know whether you have paid all your taxes or not.
A good credit history:
MSME Loan procedure requires that you furnish a history of all your past borrowings. So, if you have a good repayment history, you can easily qualify for this loan.
Certificates from all authorized bodies:
GST and other registration for business provide compliance checks to your business.
Your permanent address proof:
It is mandatory to submit while availing of MSME Funding.
Collateral documents (if applicable):
If you are giving collateral against your loan, you need to submit documents. Ideally, an MSME Loan means it's unsecured, i.e., collateral-free.
Lenders ask for bank details to know your income and expenses. There should be a realistic projection of the business.
2. Check whether your purpose of obtaining a loan meets the objectives of MSME financing in India, which are viz-
- To acquire a piece of land or a factory or a plant or build on that land.
- To procure the machinery, laboratory, testing resources, furniture, and other critical fittings which are required for the smooth functioning of the plant.
- To meet the working capital requirements such as inventories, raw materials, and stocks in progress.
- When waiting to receive payment from a party but need to pay for the continued supply of goods/services to creditors.
- For business marketing and advertising.
- Expanding business or launching a new suite of products.
- In addition to the above, funds are required for any other type of business assistance not mentioned above but necessary for the functioning of the business.
3. Check the eligibility criteria-
The next step in the MSME Loan procedure is to check the eligibility criteria, which are as follows-
-To qualify for an MSME Loan, one must have a well-structured business plan and should be able to enlist the challenges, strategies, and market options before applying for MSME funding.
-Business Registration: Whether a business is well established or a new start-up, it needs to be registered to avail of any benefits or subsidies from the schemes provided by the Government of India.
-Profit and Loss Statement: P&L is required to ascertain how well the business is doing.
-1 Year ITR: Income Tax Return of last year to check if you have paid all your taxes on time.
-Credit History: Lenders would want to check the loan repayment history of borrowers for an earlier loan. A good credit history ensures high eligibility potential.
-The addition of a co-borrower will enhance the eligibility of the application.
-If security or collateral has been provided for availing of the loan, all necessary documents shall be submitted to the bank at the time of application.
-Bank statement for the last 6-12 months to track and validate the borrower's account transactions.
-The business needs to display a realistic projection.
4. Documents required for MSME Loan-
The next step in the MSME Loan procedure is to collect the documents needed to obtain the loan. MSME funding means primarily collateral-free loans in most cases. However, lenders may require collateral depending on the situation and the loan's specific requirements. The following documents are necessary for a collateral-free loan.
-KYC Documents required: Like Aadhar Card or PAN Card, Valid Indian Passport or Voter ID Card/Driving License, etc.
-Address Proof: Utility Bill, Aadhar Card or Voter ID Card, Valid Indian Passport, Domicile Certificate.
-Financial Documents: Bank Account Statement, Income Tax Return, GST Return, and Profit & Loss Statement for the last six months.
-Required Business Ownership: Required Registration documents of the business, property, and agreement papers, if applicable.
Also, the business owner's age should not be more than 62 years at the time of loan maturity, and should have been running the business for the last three years. However, some of these criteria may not be the same for all lenders, and some may even be willing to negotiate a bit depending on many factors and the final loan terms and conditions.
Now you must have understood what is MSME loan. Let’s understand the features & benefits of MSME Loan.
Following are the key features & benefits of MSME Loans:
Apart from the above facilities, borrowers can also track and change their loans through the online account management option, where everything can be done almost instantly and online. MSME Loans have a much longer tenure option, even in situations where the business is in the growth stage.
The benefits of the MSME Loans make them an ideal choice for start-up business owners. You can anytime avail of these loans and use them to meet your various business requirements, such as expanding your office space, buying inventory and raw materials, upgrading your business equipment or infrastructure, etc.
How magical was the day when you discovered your career path? After a lot of research, putting in so much hard work, late nights, your heart and soul, you have become what you are today.