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What is the GST Composition Scheme?

October 16, 2023 • 1375 views

The Composition Scheme in GST is a special tax system in India for small businesses. It makes paying taxes easier as businesses pay a fixed rate based on their sales turnover. This scheme reduces paperwork and allows businesses to file taxes only once a quarter, instead of every month. It's designed to simplify taxes for small companies. Let’s assist you in understanding the advantages it offers to your business, making taxation more manageable and efficient for small companies.

What is the Composition Scheme in GST?

The GST Composition Scheme is a simplified way of dealing with the Goods and Services Tax (GST) for businesses with a turnover of up to Rs. 1.5 Crores. This scheme, designed by the Indian government, aims to ease the burden of compliance for small taxpayers. Under this scheme, eligible businesses can opt for a more straightforward tax structure, paying GST at a fixed rate on their turnover, simplifying their tax obligations and allowing them to focus on their core operations. It's a significant initiative to promote the growth of small enterprises and facilitate ease of doing business in India.

Features of the Composition Scheme in GST

The features of the GST composition scheme make it an attractive choice for several reasons

  • Tax Savings: Businesses enrolled in the GST composition scheme enjoy a lower tax rate compared to those in the regular GST scheme, leading to potential savings.
  • Varied Rates: The GST composition scheme offers different tax rates based on the nature of the business. For instance, restaurants are subject to a 5% rate, whereas manufacturers pay only 1%.
  • Consolidation: If a business owner has multiple businesses registered under a single PAN (Permanent Account Number), they are required to register all of them under the GST composition scheme. However, if they prefer not to do so, they have the option to opt out of the scheme.
  • Simplified Reporting: Businesses under this scheme benefit from simplified reporting, as they are obligated to file just one quarterly return by the 18th of the month following that quarter.
  • Reverse Charge Mechanism: When dealing with transactions under the reverse charge mechanism, dealers must adhere to the standard GST rates for tax payments, providing clarity in such situations.

Eligibility Criteria for the GST Composition Scheme

Not all businesses are eligible to opt for the Composition Scheme. To qualify, a business must meet the following criteria

  • Turnover Limit: Your annual turnover should not exceed Rs.1.5 crores for goods or Rs. 75 lakhs for services. This financial threshold determines your eligibility.
  • Intra-State Operations: Your business should primarily operate within a single state, meaning it focuses on local transactions within that state.
  • Business Types: Manufacturers, traders, and certain service providers are eligible based on the nature of their operations and services offered.
  • No Interstate Transactions: The Composition Scheme is not designed for businesses involved in interstate sales, catering mainly to local trade.
  • No Input Tax Credit: Once enrolled, you can't claim GST paid on purchases, simplifying the tax process but disallowing credit on input taxes.
  • Single PAN: If you have multiple businesses under one PAN, all eligible ones must enroll or opt-out individually, providing flexibility in scheme participation.

What's not Included in the Composition Scheme in GST?

The GST Composition Scheme is designed to simplify the GST registration process for certain businesses, making it easier for them to comply with tax regulations. However, not all businesses are eligible for this scheme. In this article, we will explore the exclusions from the GST Composition Scheme in more detail.

  • Non-Resident or Casual Taxable Persons: This scheme is for regular Indian businesses; non-resident or occasional sellers can't use it.
  • Businesses Dealing with Unregistered Suppliers: Businesses buying from unregistered GST suppliers can't join to promote tax compliance.
  • Suppliers of Both Goods and Services: Businesses offering both goods and services aren't eligible; the scheme is for exclusive goods or service providers.
  • Goods Exempt from GST: Businesses primarily dealing in GST-exempt goods can't opt for the scheme to ensure correct taxation.
  • Manufacturers of Restricted Products: Manufacturers of items like tobacco and pan masala are excluded due to special tax rules for these products.
  • Edible Ice and Ice Cream Manufacturers: Despite dealing in goods, these businesses can't use the scheme to ensure proper taxation in the food industry.
  • E-commerce Sellers with TCS: Businesses selling via e-commerce platforms with tax collection at source (TCS) responsibility are excluded as tax collection lies with the platform.


The GST Composition Scheme is a valuable tool for small businesses in India, simplifying tax compliance and reducing their tax liability. However, eligibility criteria, benefits, and rules may change over time, so it's essential to stay updated with the latest regulations.

At Poonawalla Fincorp, we understand the importance of financial flexibility for small businesses. While the Composition Scheme in GST can simplify your tax journey, you may still require financial support to meet your working capital needs. If you are a small business owner looking for financial assistance, Poonawalla Fincorp is here to help.

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poonawalla fincorp team

Poonawalla Fincorp Team

Our team of expert writers and editors are passionate about providing authentic and valuable information on finance. Our aim is to simplify financial and finance-related concepts. We strive to help our readers become more aware and empowered to make informed financial decisions.

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